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Full text of "Address at the dedication of the Confederate Memorial Hall, Lincolnton, N.C., August 27th, 1908"

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W^t Confederate jHemortal 


AUGUST 27TH, 1908. 

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University of NortK Carolina 

This book was presented by the family 
of the late 


Presi<l<>nt of the University of North Carolina 
from 1876 to 1890 

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tEfje Confederate Jfflemortal 


AUGUST 27TH, 1908. 

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^outfjern fetarsi Chapter ®. fi. C. 

News Print, Lincolnton, N. C 

jWemortal Hall ©ebtcateb 

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Opening Prayer Rev. W. R. Minter 

Hymn "For All The Saints Who From Their Labors Rest." 

Introduction _. .Judge W. A. Hoke 

Address .._ _. A. Nixon 

Hymn "My Country 'Tis Of Thee." 

Benediction ...Rev. Robert McMullen 

Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 

introbuctorp Remarks pp Jubge W. 3. ?|ofee. 

"I am glad of the opportunity 
to express the great gratification 
we all feel that this interesting old 
Academy now passes under the 
control of the Daughters of the 
Confederacy and for such a noble 
purpose, to be used as a Hall of 
History, a Memorial Hall in honor 
of the Heroes of this county, liv- 
ing and dead, who were members 
of the armies of the Confederacy. 

"And truly fellow citizens, do 
these men deserve all the homage 
we can pay them, as I have hereto- 
fore said in this connection. For 
four years they carried the banners 
given them as soldiers of this coun- 
try in the forefront of hard fought 
battles in the army of Northern 
Virginia and many States farther 
in the West, and never faltered or 
failed. They placed the name of 
the good county of Lincoln high on 
the roll where all men shall behold 
it ami all time shall never efface it. 
Wherever you go throughout this 
great Republic you can point with 
pride to the place of y<mr nativity 
by reason of the record that these 
men have made. By reasou of the 
deeds that these men have done, 
yea they should be faithfully hon- 
ored, aud we have placed this 
building for the noble purpose in 
deserving and efficient hands. 

"I wish the people of the county 
and State could know of the many 
gracious aud kindly deeds done by 
this chapter of the Confederacy. 
From the very beginning they 
have done their full duty and 
lived up to the spirit of their or- 
ganization. Not only hai'e they 
given timely and charitable aid 
where it was needed but they have 
gladdened the heart and stirred 
the soul of many a gray haired 
man who thought that his heroic 
life was unnoticed and forgotten. 

"From this history of the Chap- 
ter, from the character and noble 
hearted capable women who com- 
pose it, we commit this building to 
their care with every assurance 
that this, like their other work, 
will be well done and the high 
purpose to which we dedicate this 
building will be carried to its full 

"As a part of these exercises, 
and a most important feature, our 
worthy fellow citizen, Mr. Alfred 
Nixon, who has done so much to 
promote this undertaking has pre- 
pared, and kindly consented to de 
liver, ^ historical sketch of this 
old building with personal refer- 
ence to some of those who have 
had instruction here. He brings 
to his work a well stored and sym- 
pathetic mind and therefore I 
know fall well you will hear him 
with pleasure." 

gfobres& of 21. JJtxon. 

It is with a feeling of peculiar 
pride and pleasure that I address 
you on this occasion. In the ac- 
quisition of this building as a 
Memorial Hall I congratulate you. 
Although Lincoln county is a little 
behind her sister counties in erect- 
ing a Monument to her Confederate 
Heroes, I believe it will have the 
most unique, the most extensive, 
the most instructive, of any; a 
monument that will not only serve 
to remind succeeding generations 
of our love and reverence for the 
followers of Lee and Jackson, but 
one — if you receive that encourage- 
ment and assistance you so richly 
deserve, and your plans are carried 
out — that will perpetuate to the 
most distant time the name and 
service, the valor and patriotism 
of each Lincoln couuty soldier. 

It has been well said, that, "A 
people who forget their dead de 
serve themselves to be forgotten." 
It is eminently right and proper 
therefore, that Lincoln county 
should honor and preserve the 
memory of her Confederate Heroes, 
and all who aid in this laudable 
undertaking honor themselves in 
so doing. This will not only be a 
fitting Memorial to their patriotic 
services, but ever a high and per- 
petual incentive to the living to 

lead such lives, and, if duty calls, 
to devote themselves to their coun- 
try's service. 

In obedience to North Carolina's 
call more than thirteen hundred 
Lincoln county boys went forth to 
battle. Many of them sleep in 
graves stretching from Gettysburg 
to the battlefields ol the far South. 
An honored remnant is still with 
us. The thin gray line grows 
thinner. Not many years will 
pass till the last of these will have 
"crossed over the river," and all, 
we hope, to "rest under the shade 
of the trees," in the grand re- union 

Veterans, I am glad that you 
have been spared not only to see a 
re-united country, but even the 
scars of war healed, — all animated 
by love of our country's good and 
glory. Today the Secretary of 
War of this great Nation is an Ex- 
Confederate soldier. A few years 
ago when this country had trouble 
with a foreign power, the old Con- 
federates donned the blue, enlisted 
under the Stars and Stripes and 
with Wheeler and Fitzhugh Lee 
dropped in at the front to fight for 
Uncle Sam. But it is said that 
when Wheeler was charging the 
Spaniards at Santiago, he cheered 
up his men by saying: "Come on, 

boys; the Yankees are running. ? ' 

Lincoln county has made histo- 
ry. Your chapter has taken a 
most important step to secure its 
preservation. At your first meet- 
ing in your own Hall, I wish to in- 
spire a love for these historic walls, 
hallowed grounds and classic 
shades. I have not the data for a 
complete sketch, but have some 
facts worthy of common knowledge 
and preservation; these relate to 
the history of this building, its 
trustees, teachers and pupils, and 
the part they played in the great 
drama of war, a goodly heritage of 
inspiring memories and I hope to 
demonstrate that there is eminent 
fitness iu this building being a 
Memorial Hall. 

The fathers provided separate 
schools for the males and females. 
This was the Male Academy. On 
the south side of the town grounds 
were set apart for the Female 
School, and the Female Academy 
has a history parallelling this, but 
what I have to say deals with men 
and this Academy. In both 
schools we are the beneficiaries of 
their wisdom and forethought. 


The charter establishing the town 
of Lincolnton was granted by the 
General Assembly in 1786. It lo- 
cated the town on three hundred 
acres of vacant and unappropriated 

lands lying between the lines of 
Phillip Cansler and Christian 
Bernhardt, reciting that the same 
is a "healthy and pleasant situa- 
tion and well watered. " 


From its institution this school 
has borne the attractive name of 
Pleasant Retreat Academy. The 
older students delighted to speak 
of its refreshing shades, — the oak 
and hickory, interspersed with the 
chestnut and the chinquipin, and 
the spring at the foot of the hill. 

Pleasant Retreat Academy was 
chartered by the General Assembly 
of the State of North Carolina 10th 
December, 1813. The Act of In- 
corporation named tweuty-oue 
Trustees. They were of the sub- 
stantial and distinguished men of 
Lincolutou and Lincoln county. 
Several of them were soldiers of 
the Revolution. I recall their 
names: Rev. Phillip Henkle, Rev. 
Humphrey Hunter, Lavvson Hen- 
denson, Joseph Graham, John 
Fulleu wider, John Hoke, Peter 
Forney, Robert Williamson, Dan- 
iel Hoke, Martin Shuford, Daniel 
Shuford, J. Reinhardt, Vardry 
McBee, David Ramsour, Peter 
Hoyle, Henry Y. Webb, George 
Carruth, Wm. McLean, Robert 
Burton, John Reid, and David 

The charter was amended in 

1819, and the Trustees restricted 
to five, viz: Robert H. Burton, 
Lawson Henderson, John Hoke, 
David Ramsour, and Robert Wil- 
liamson, and the Board of Trus- 
tees has since been composed of 
five members. 

In 1816 an Act of the General 
Assembly authorizing the laying 
out of more lots in the the Town of 
Lincoluton, provided: "That a 
portion of the tract of land afore- 
said not exceeding four acres and 
including a spring shall be laid off 
for the use of the Academy in said 

June 4th, 1817, Jacob Ramsour, 
Daniel Hoke, Robert Williamson, 
Robert H. Burton, and Lawson 
Henderson made report that 
agreeable to Act of Assembly of 
1816, they had laid off among nu- 
merous other lots, "a lot for the 
use of the academy, of three acres, 
three quarters and thirty-six perch- 
es 24-33 of a perch with a street 
43 feet wide through the same and 
including a spring." 

On the 21st August, 1821, Jo- 
seph Dixon, Trustee for Lincoln 
county executed a deed to the 
Trustees of Pleasant Retreat Acad- 
emy for the land set apart for its 

All the official records of the 
Trustees down to the close of the 
war have been lost. Since the 

war the following have served as 
Trustees: Jacob A. Ramsour, John 
F. Hoke, Henry Cansler, William 
Lander, James T. Alexander, V. 
A. McBee, B. H. Sumner, David 
Schenck, W. H. Motz, and B. C. 
Cobb, all former students. 

W. H Motz was elected a trus- 
tee June 20th, 1869, and is the 
oldest member and chairman of 
the present board. He attended 
this school as far back as 1835, 
when Prof. Morrow was in charge. 
His heart beats with love and ven- 
eration for this ancient seat of 
learning, to which he is united by 
many tender associations. 

Chapter 51, laws of 1908, em- 
powered the Trustees of Pleasant 
Retreat Academy to lease its 
buildings and grounds to the 
Southern Stars Chapter, Daugh- 
ters of the Confederacy for the 
purpose of a Memorial Hall of the 
Confederate Veterans of Lincoln 
county; authorized the Graded 
School Committee to join in the 
lease; and appointed Mrs. W. A. 
Hoke, Mrs. R. S. Reinhardt, and 
Mrs. R. E. Costuer, Trustees to 
hold this and other property your 
Chapter may acquire, with power 
to increase your number to live, 
which has already been done by 
the addition of Mrs. J. W. Sain, 
and Mrs. Agnes Lawing. 

The Board of Trustees at this 


time, and who have executed the 
deed to you, are, W. H. Motz, W. 
A. Hoke, R. S. Reinhardt, A. L. 
Quickel, and R. E. Costner. 

The Graded School Committee 
of Liucolnton who have also join- 
ed in the execution of your deed 
are, R. M. Roseman, Edgar Love, 
W. W. Motz, D. T. Johnson, and 
R. A. Yoder. 

The Deed of lease to your Chap- 
ter bears date 20th June, 190S. It 
gives your Chapter a lease on the 
building and grounds for niuety- 
uine years, with power of renewal. 
One of the considerations you 
have already met by discharging 
a debt of -$282.65, incurred some 
years since in its repair; another is 
to keep the grounds for a park 
until they shall be needed for pub- 
lic school purposes. But your 
lease on this building and lot of 
60x198 feet, is for ninety nine 
years, with power of renewal, if 
your organization continues its 
existence, and should desire to do 


have been men of ability. It is 
a pleasing duty to call their names. 
In the absence of records this men- 
tion can but be imperfect. 


The first teacher of whom I have 
heard any of the older people 

speak was Mushatt. He was a 
very learned man from Connecti- 
cut, and a graduate of Yale. He 
was an xAssociate Reformed preach- 
er and came to this State about 
1810. He was a fine teacher, a 
a strict but just disciplinarian, 
whipping grown young men who 
broke his laws. 

The southern boundary line of 
Earl Granville's domain passed 
through Lincoln county. This 
line was never run west of the 
Catawba by his agents. After the 
Revolution there was litigation to 
determine the proper location of 
grants under the Crown and 
Granville. In one of these suits, 
Taylor vs. Shuford, reported in 
4th Hawks, Mushatt was appoint- 
ed by the court to locate the 
Granville line. He ascertained it 
by astronomical observations. He 
removed to Lowndes county, Ala- 
bama, about 1830. 


The late V. A. McBee told me 
Thomas Dews taught here. He 
was a student under him. His 
parents migrated from St. Peter's 
Port, Isle of Guernsey, where 
Thomas was born. Thomas Dews, 
the father was a cabinet maker, 
whose eccentricities, goodness and 
piety are yet the talk of the town. 
Mrs. Dews, the mother, was like- 
wise a well known character. She 


sold cakes to secure means to edu- 
cate their promising boy. Tom 
Dews was drowned iu Second 
Broad river, Rutherford county, N. 
C, August 4th, 1838, aged 30 
years, 2 months and 25 days. His 
remains lie in honor beneath a 
pure marble shaft, the tribute of a 
noble- hearted woman to the man 
who adored her while he lived. It 
marks the spot where rests her 
lover and her love. 


Of Orange county, was principal 
of a flourishing school. He was 
assisted by his wife, a daughter of 
a teacher of Orange, Rev. Elijah 
Graves. She taught in the up- 
stairs. He died October 2nd, 
1835, after a short service. 


Was the next teacher, a man of 
eminent piety, who always opened 
school with a fervent prayer. 


Conducted this school in the for- 
ties. He was a native of Ireland 
where he had received a classical 
education. His school was noted, 
and attracted pupils from distant 
parts of the State. He removed 
to Lexington in 1846. 

I love to hear old people recount 
the incidents of their childhood. 
They seem more vividly impressed 
with these than with the weightier 

matters of mature life. I recall 
the following incident a very old 
man related to me: ''I went to 
school to Prof. Murphy, an Irish- 
man. His wife was Irish too, and 
they lived in the upstairs of the 
Academy. The belfry was ou top, 
but the rope came through to the 
first floor. Hogs ran at large then. 
One night a lot of us boys caught 
one, held its mouth while tying it 
to the bell cord and then ran. The 
bell began to ring. The Professor 
came down, found the cause, but 
was afraid of the hog, which was 
in as much trouble as he was. 
Next morning we released the hog, 
had good lessons and were studi- 
ous, but somehow we couldn't get 
along. The Professor had lost a 
night's sleep, and before the day 
was over he flogged every boy iu 
school for some cause, determining 
to make sure he whipped the ones 
who tied the hog." 

It is a custom of boys to give pet 
names to the teachers they love. 
The officer with a pet name was 
liked by his soldiers. The genial 
Irishman, Prof. Murphy, had his. 
I remember on one occasion a dis- 
tinguished friend was recounting 
the classic attainment and splen- 
did ability of Prof. Murphy as a 
teacher and the fame of his school, 
giowiug reminiscent, he said: — 
"His given name was Jeremiah. 


I will never forget it. I had it in- 
delibly impressed on my mind and 
back in childhood. I was a little 
tot too small for his school. The 
larger boys by some wile or per- 
suasion induced me to go to the 
Academy door and cry out, "Jer- 
emiah, Jeremiah," I did so to the 
amusement of the boys. A note 
from the Professor informed moth- 
er of my conduct. The whipping 
she gave me, and Jeremiah, will 
remain while memory lasts." 

Benjamin Sumner, a native of 
Gates county, conducted this 
school witb success. He was as- 
sisted by his nephew, Richard H. 
Riddick. Later his son, Thomas 
J. Sumner, and Prof. Riddick 
taught. Prof. Benjamin Sumner 
died in Rowan county April 3rd, 
1866. Prof. Riddick had been a 
soldier in the Mexican War, and 
was Colonel of the 34th Regiment 
in the Civil War. A brave and 
efficient officer, he fell at Ox Hill 
1st September, 1862. 

Other ante-bellum teachers were 
Prof. Lindsley, Rev. Robert N. 
Davis, Rev. Jeremiah Ingold, and 
perhaps others of whom 1 have not 
heard, but there is one more in 
whom I feel a kindly interest, 
Pankey, Prof. Paukey. His mem- 
ory hangs on such a delicate 


A friend Avas once relating inci- 
dents of his first school in the long 
ago. He said: "I can remember 
the teacher who taught before I 
entered. He boarded at our house, 
but I was too small to go. His 
name was Pankey. I do not re- 
member much about him except 
he was always trying to learn me 
to spell the words, 'Higglety- 
Pigglety. ' 


June 20th, 1869, the Trustees 
gave Rev. W. R. Wetmore and 
Prof. Hildreth H. Smith the use 
of the Academy for a male school. 
Dr. Wetmore was a University 
graduate, chaplain of a regiment 
during the war, and a man of 
learning. Prof. Smith was a na- 
tive of New Hampshire, had been 
President of Catawba College and 
Professor of Modern Languages in 
our State University. Their school 
was a success. 

Then followed Mebane, Arrow - 
wood, George W. Halen, and per- 
haps others, well remembered by 
the men of today. 


April 16th, 1881, I find the 
Trustees, "Resolved: That Rev. J. 
W. Jenkins have the use of the 
Academy lor the purpose of teach- 
ing a male school in the lower part 
of the building." 

— 12- 

Th e reason the lower part only 
is let the upper story was used as 
a masonic lodge. I have often 
met with the lodge in this upper 

This hasty glimpse brings us 
down to current history. The 
Female Academy is enlarged and 
becomes the Graded School. Miss 
Sallie B. Hoke taught school here 
in 1884 and '85. Miss Kate Shipp 
conducted the Mary Wood school 
here a few years beginning in 1901. 


In the total absence of records I 
cannot begin to call the long stu- 
dent roll. Here have been train- 
ed boys who grew into men of 
wide influence, and graved their 
names high on the altars of fame 
by distinguished services in the 
pulpit, at the bar, on the bench, 
the hustings, and in the various 
necessary and useful vocations of 
life. I will mention a few. 

Prof. Brumby, here received his 
preparation for college and after- 
wards filled with honor and iepu- 
tation a chair in the University of 
his native State, South Carolina. 
From certain glimpses of the dis- 
tant past I am of opinion that 
Pleasant Retreat in its first years 
was a mixed school. Prof. Brum- 
by married Mary, a daughter of 
Capt. Alexander Brevard, while 

Ransom H. Hunley, another Pal- 
metto Student, married Caroline, a 
daughter of General Peter Forney, 
all students. The Female Acad- 
emy was not opened uutil 1825. 

James Pinkney Henderson, son 
of one of the first Trustees, sought 
the broad area of the "Lone Star" 
State for the full development of 
his great intellect and won fortune 
and fame, an eminent lawyer, At- 
torney General of the Republic of 
Texas, its Minister Plenipotentiary 
and Envoy Extraordinary to 
France, England and the United 
States, Governor of Texas, Major- 
General of the United States Army 
in the War with Mexico, and at the 
time of his death, United States 
Senator, he adorned the positions 
which his courage and talents won. 

Thomas Dews, the wonderful 
precocity of whose intellect amazed 
the generation in which he lived 
until his name has been handed 
down to posterity as the embodi- 
ment of genius and greatness. He 
graduated at our State University 
at the early age of sixteen, divid- 
ing with Ex-Governor Graham, 
the highest honor of the class of 
1824. He made himself famous 
by his achievements at the bar ere 
he sank into an untimely grave. 
His name which ought to have 
gone down the ages on account of 
great deeds achieved by extraor- 
dinary talent, will perhaps he best 


and always remembered in connec- 
tion with a happily turned epitaph 
incident, in which "The Devil got 
his (Dews) dues." 

Ambrose Costner was a student 
of Prof. Murphy while he taught 
at the High Shoals and afterwards 
here. He is perhaps the oldest 
living alumnus of this institution 
and carries well his more than four 
score years. Agriculture has been 
his lifes work., Often the popular 
representative of Lincoln county 
in both Houses of the General As- 
sembly, he is respected and hon- 
ored by those who know him. 

A custom of the early days was 
to allow the older boys to study 
under the shade of the trees. A 
trio, Cephas Quickel, Wallace 
Rein hard t, and V. A. McBee oc- 
cupied three trees which stood to- 
gether, and to each tree was given 
the name of the boy that sat under 
it. The trees are gone. The boys 
who grew into venerable men have 
passed to their fathers, but their 
sweet memories will linger long. 

I will now mention an incident 
in the words of an old student: — 
"At recess we hurried down to a 
large chestnut that grew at the 
foot of the hill. Jake Cansler 
cl'mbed the tree and threw down 
the burrs. I was hulling aud 
gathering the chestnuts. We were 
to divide. The school bell rang. 
Delay m^ant punishment. I called 

to Jake that I was going. He said, 
'go ahead, I haven't gotten enough 
chestnuts yet.' I says, 'you can 
have mine.' He replied: 'Alright, 
but while I am up here I will get 
a few more and take a whipping.' 
Jake came into the school room 
late, his pockets bulging with 
chestnuts, and took his whipping 
without a whimper. He after- 
wards graduated at the State Uni- 
versity aud became a Baptist di- 
vine of wide influence. " 

Michael Hoke was a sou of Colo- 
nel John Hoke, one of the first 
Trustees. He attended Capt. 
Partridges Military academy, Mid- 
dleton, Connecticut, read law with 
Robert H. Burton, whose daugh- 
ter Francis, he married. An emi- 
nent lawyer, an accomplished 
orator he died in the openingsplen- 
dor of an effulgent genius which 
was already shedding its lustre on 
the political history of the State he 
loved so well. 

William A. Graham attended 
this Academy, his first school from 
his home. He grew into a great 
man with an honorable and dis- 
tinguished career. He was twice 
Governor, United States and Con- 
federate Senator, Secretary of the 
Navy, and candidate for Vice- 
President on the Scott ticket. 

The great campaigu of 1844 was 
one of the most exciting in the his- 
tory of the State. There were 


many causes tending to make it so. 
It was a Presidential election. 
Henry Clay, the Whig nominee, 
made a speech in Ealeigh on the 
12th of April, of that year. No 
public man swayed his followers as 
did Clay, and to that extent he 
was admired by his friends and 
hated by his enemies. James K. 
Polk, of Tennessee, a native of 
Mecklenburg, and graduate of our 
State University, was the nominee 
of the Democrats, and his party 
hoped to carry the State. The 
Eepublic of Texas was seeking an- 
nexation to the United States, and 
this was a burning issue. Both 
parties were on their mettle. The 
battle promised to be of unusual 
interest and excitement. The very 
best men must be selected for of- 
fice. The parties sought their 
standard bearers with as much 
care as a general would select a 
soldier for a hazardous underta- 
king. Both parties were fortunate 
in the selection of leaders, and it is 
worthy of honorable mention on 
this occasion, that each of the great 
political parties selected as its can- 
didate for the office of Governor, a 
native of Lincoln county, a former 
student of this Academy and a son 
of one of the first Trustees. 

The Democrats nominated as 
their standard bearer Michael 
Hoke, a gentleman of fine person, 
fine address, of long legislative ex- 

perience and high position at the 
bar, whose ease of manner and 
brilliancy of oratory won for him 
troops of friends. 

The Whigs were equally for- 
tunate in the selection of their 
standard bearer in the person of 
William A. Graham, a man of ex- 
alted character and ability, and 
like his competitor the fairness of 
his conduct, his open generous 
temper, and his elevated mode of 
argument, won him many friends. 

Never in any campaign in this 
or any other State, for any posi- 
tion, were two political antagonists 
more evenly matched. Both were 
in the very prime of life. Hoke 
was only thirty-four and Graham 
forty years of age. Both were 
strikingly handsome men, tall, 
well- formed, and graceful, with 
manners as polished as a Chester- 
field, aud tempers as placid as a 
theological student, characters as 
pure as a maiden, aud habits as 
free from guile as those of a bishop. 
While possessing all these amiable 
qualities when it came to the ad- 
vocacy of the principles of theii 
respective parties or assaulting 
those of the other they exhibited 
the courage of a Washington and 
and the aggressiveness of a Jack- 
son. The dignified and majestic 
preseuceof Graham was formidably 
rivaled by the matchless manner 
and ready humor of Hoke; and no 


two were ever more enthusiastical- 
ly supported by their partisan fol- 
lowers. It was a battle of giants. 

Graham was elected Governor; 
Clay carried the State, but Polk 
was elected President. Hoke did 
not long survive the campaign. 
He died September 9th, 1844, at 
the youthful age of 34 years, 4 
months and 7 days. 

Governor Graham was born Sep 
tember 5th, 1804, and died August 
11th 1875. I saw him in Lincoln- 
ton in 1872. His face and form, no- 
ble and commanding, was cast in 
natures finest mould. As pictured 
in my mind he was the most dis- 
tinguished looking man I have 
ever seen. He rauks among the 
greatest men produced by the 

Henry Cansler was a man of tine 
sense, high standing and great in- 
fluence. He filled the office of 
Sheriff, Clerk of the Court, and 
member of the General Assembly, 
and talked well on the stump. 
Phillip Cansler and John Hoke 
married sisters, Anna Mariah and 
Barbara Q.uickel. So Henry Can 
sler and Michael Hoke were first 
cousins. Michael Hoke's brilliant 
career was a constant source of de- 
light to the oJd Dutchman, Phillip 
Cansler. He was often heard to 
say: "Mike Hoke's a de'il of a 
smhart fellow," and as his heart 
swelled with parental pride, he 

always concluded his eulogy with, 
"He is a first cousin of my son 

William Lander, a brilliant, im- 
petuous, chivalric, noble gentle- 
man, was one of the foremost ad- 
vocates of the bar of Western 
Xorth Carolina; a popular and be- 
loved tribune of the people, who 
passed by the stately honors of a 
Judgeship to enjoy the more splen- 
did triumphs of the forum; and 
whose splendid eloquence found 
congenial fellowship amid the fiery 
spirits of the Confederate Congress. 
He was a native of Tiparo, Ireland, 
born May 0th, 1817. His parents 
emigrated to America when he was 
eight years old. He was a member 
of the Convention from Lincoln 
county in 1861, that passed the 
Ordinance of Secession. He voted 
for and signed that instrument. 
He died January 9th, 1868. Law- 
yer, Solicitor, Legislator, and mem- 
ber of the Confederate Congress, 
he has a mouumeut of love and af- 
fection in the hearts of those who 
knew him best. 

Samuel Lauder was a man of 
broad and accurate scholarship, 
President of Williamson Female 
College, an educator noted for the 
thoroughness of his work, a preach- 
er of wide repute, a gentleman of 
elegant manners, an humble Chris- 
tian, lately fallen asleep. 

Hon. William and Dr. Samuel 


Lander were brothers. They were 
nephews of Prof. Murphy. The 
wives of Prof. Murphy and Samuel 
Lauder, Senior, were sisters and 
before their marriage Martha and 
Eliza Miller. 

David Schenck was a powerful 
advocate and successful lawyer. A 
close student, of untiring energy 
and indomitable will, he arose to 
the head of his profession. A 
Judge of the Superior Court, a his- 
torian of wide reputation, he ranks 
among Lincoln county's most dis- 
tinguished sons. 

Caleb Motz was a delegate to the 
constitutional convention of 1875, 
long time Chairman of the Board 
of County Commissioners, active 
in public school affairs, a public 
spirited citizen, of pleasant memo- 
John A. Huggins here received 
a fine education, was a school 
teacher of high rank and a minis- 
ter. He died in the communion of 
the Baptist church. 

Dr. J. M. Richardsou, a skilled 
physician, a good man, and good 
citizen is of pleasant memory. 

There will occur to you many 
others whose names are dear, and 
whose memories are a precious her- 
itage, but I must pass from this 
interesting field. 

For the possession of this build- 
ing and its consecration as a Me- 
morial Hall Judge W. A. Hoke is 

entitled to a debt of gratitude. 
He believes the United Daughters 
of the Confederacy a great organi- 
zation, the most potent existent in 
its beautiful labor of love in strew- 
ing with flowers the pathway of 
the old veteran, and in its great en- 
deavor to preserve for the ages the 
story of his dauntless service. 

Judge Hoke is to be commended 
for his filial interest and inherent 
love for these classic walls. In 
this Academy he received his edu- 
cation, and is one of the Board of 
Trustees of his Alma Mater. Here 
his distinguished father, Col. John 
F. Hoke, received his preparation 
for the State University and was a 
Trustee, and his grandfather, Col. 
John Hoke, was a member of the 
first Board of Trustees. As cit- 
izen, lawyer, Legislator, Judge of 
the Superior Court and Associate 
Justice of the Supreme Court of 
this State, he has an enviable 


Among these are Hoke Smith, 
lawyer, journalist, Secretary of the 
Interior under President Cleveland, 
and the present Governor of Geor- 
gia; William B. Shipp, Lieutenant 
Tenth U. S. Cavalry, killed on San 
Juan Hill, Battle of Santiago, July 
1st, 1898; T. H. Cobb and B. C. 
Cobb of the Lincoln bar; Harris 
Tkniisaur, financier; W. E. Grigg, 


banker; D. W. Robinson, lawyer; 
H. S. Robinson, retired merchant 
and farmer; Chas. E. Robinson, 
merchant; W. W. Motz, architect 
and builder; Blair and Hugh Jen- 
kins, merchants; Rev. W. L. 
Sherrill of the M. E. Church, 
South ;.C. E. Childs, of the Lin- 
coln bar; C. C. Cobb, of the Texas 
bar; Dr. Sumner McBee, and 
Silas McBee, Editor of the Church- 
man; L. B. Wetmore, lawyer; 
Charles Sumner, farmer; Dr. Hen- 
ry Costner; W. A. Costner, farm- 
er; Thomas J. Ramsaur, farmer. 
But I must pass on. Your minds 
will supply a long catalogue of 
others on the stage of action dis- 
charging efficiently the responsible 
duties of citizenship. 


Many of the Students of this 
Academy became Confederate Sol- 
diers. I have prepared a roll. It 
may be far from complete, but I 
have placed in it the name of every 
one I now recall, or have been able 
to find by inquiry. It is an honor 
roll. Hear the names: 

The first Lincoln county volun- 
teers to answer their Southland's 
call to arras were the Southern 
Stars, Company K, Bethel Regi- 
ment. Its commissioned officers, 
William J. Hoke, Captain; Wal- 
lace M. Reinhardt, First Lieuten- 
ant; Robert F. Hoke, Second Lieu- 

tenant, and E. E. Sumner, Third 
Lieutenant, and the following non- 
commissioned officers and privates 
had been students in the Academy, 
a total of twenty-eight: — E. W. 
Stubbs and L. J. Hoyle, Sergeants; 
Thomas J. Cansler, First Corporal; 
James L. Alexander, M. A. Bland. 
Peter Vardry Cauble, George M. 
Hoke, Joseph us Houser, Monroe 
Houser and J. W. Houser, Charles 
Johnson, William H. Jetton, Sam- 
uel Lander, C. L. Jack ; :on, Wil- 
liam Martin, George M. Motz, 
Henry E. Ramsaur, W. S. Rush, 
G. W. Shuford, Franklin Stubbs, 
J. A. Sumner, James D. Wells, 
Daniel Wells and Oliver Wells. 

The veterans of Lincoln county 
attest their esteem for the Captain 
of the Southern Stars by giving his 
name, W. J. Hoke, to their Camp; 
your Chapter beautifully preserves 
the Company's name, Southern 
Stars, while the Children of the 
Confederacy lovingly enshrine in 
their chapter name, the First 
Lieutenant, Wallace Reinhardt. 

William J. Hoke, son of John 
Hoke, was Captain of the South- 
ern Stars and later Colonel of the 
38th Regiment, a gallant soldier 
much loved. 

Robert F. Hoke is a son of Hon. 
Michael Hoke, and both his grand- 
fathers, John Hoke and Robert H. 
Burton, and one great grandfather, 
John Fullenwider, were of the first 


Trustees. After leaving this 
Academy he attended the Ken- 
tucky Military Institute. He en- 
listed at the first call for volun- 
teers and was commissioned Second 
Lieutenant of the Southern Stars; 
before the Bethel Campaign was 
over he was promoted Major. By 
his firmness, ability, and gallantry, 
he arose by rapid promotion 
through the grades to the rank of 
Major-General. He enjoyed the 
confidence and esteem of the great 
Lee whom he resembled in person 
and genius; and, has the unparal- 
lelleded honor of being that great 
chieftiau's choice to be his succes- 
sor as Commander-in-Chief should 
he had the misfortune to have fallen 
in battle or been disabled. A gal- 
lant soldier, a modest gentleman, 
he has an abiding place in the 
affections of the people. 

Stephen D. Ramseur, son and 
grandson of Trustees, Jacob A., 
and David Ramseur, went from 
this school to Davidson College, 
then to West Point, where he re- 
mained five years, graduating in 
1N60, and received a commission as 
Second Lieutenant. At the burst- 
ing of the storm-cloud Lieutenant 
Ramseur resigued his commission 
in the United States army and 
tendered his services to the South- 
ern cause. He entered the Con- 
federate service as Captain of Com- 
pany A, in the Ellis Light Artil- 

lery, April 16th, 1861, and by 
regular promotion won the rank of 
Major-General, and met the death 
of a hero on the field of battle. 
Brave, chivalrous, and capable, he 
possessed those lofty martial qual- 
ities that distinguished the South- 
ern soldier. 

Joseph W. Alexauder, a student 
of this Academy, graduated at An- 
napolis, and entered the naval ser- 
vice of the United States. At the 
outbreak of hostilities he was a 
Lieutenant with the Mediterranean 
Squadron On its recall, he made 
his way South, and tendered his 
service to the new formed Confed- 
eracy and was commissioned a 
Captain in its navy. In the Hamp- 
ton Road's fight, one of the famous 
naval battles of history, he com- 
manded the Raleigh. Captain 
Alexander was a cultured gentle- 
man. After seeing most of the 
world his last days were peacefully 
passed on a Lincoln county farm. 

Alvin DeLane was a soldier in 
the United States Army, whose 
flag was endeared to him by many 
years service. The war clouds 
gather, a decision is to be made. 
He hesitates not. The battle cry 
of the South expresses the senti 
tnent of his heart and his resolve: 

"In Dixie land. I'll take my stand. 
And live and die for Dixie." 

In the darkness of the night he 
scales the walls of Fort Sumpter 


with a ladder, and uses this as a 
float for many hours on the living 
deep, is rescued, becomes che hero 
of Charleston and for the next four 
years a gallant Confederate soldier. 

John F. Hoke won a Captain's 
commission in the 12th Regiment 
U. S. Infantry in the war with 
Mexico. He was appointed Adju- 
tant-General of North Carolina in 
1860, and in 1S61 he organized and 
sent to Virginia fourteen regiments 
during the months of May and 
June. In July, 1861, he was 
elected Colonel of the 23rd Regi- 
meut, afterwards he commanded 
the 73rd Regiment until the war 
closed. A learned lawyer, often 
the representative of Lincoln coun- 
ty in the General Assembly, he 
wore "without reproach the grand 
old name of gentleman." 

George D. Caubie was a student 
under Mr. Murphy at High Shoals 
and afterwards attended this 
Academy. His comrades testify to 
his courage and gallantry as a Con 
federate soldier. He is today a 
valiant follower of the Great Com- 
mander under the banner of the 
1 Cross. 

The other day I met on Acad- 
emy street Charlie Hoke, of At- 
lanta. He was a student under 
Sumner and Riddick. A child ot 
seven he stayed out of school to 
blow the fife as the soldiers 
marched the streets of Lincolnton 

drilling for the Mexican War. 
His father removed to Greenville, 
S. C. When the war came he 
hurried to join Hampton's Legion, 
fearing it would be all over before 
he could get to the front, but he 
arrived in good time for four years 
of march and battle, exposed to 
the storm of shot and shell. 

Frauk Schenck, of Lawndale, 
was the first Captain of Company 
F, 55th, afterwards promoted 
Major of his Regiment. A good 
citizen, progressive and public 
spirited his life has beeu a bene- 
diction to his country. 

Lemuel J. Hoyle served in the 
Bethel Campaign with the South- 
ern Stars, and throughout the re- 
mainder of the war as Second 
Lieutenant, Company I, 11th Reg- 
iment. He has tilled many posi- 
tions of trust and is a man highly 
esteemed and much loved. 

William E. Edwards, of the 
52nd, and Heury Gheeu, of the 
57th, and Ebeu Childs, of the 
Western Army, in the early flush 
of young manhood laid their lives 
upon the altar of their country. 

William S. Bynum, the gallant 
soldier boy, was born February 
9th, 1848; September 25th, 1862, 
at the age of fourteen years he en- 
listed in Company K, 42ud Regi- 
ment and served until the surren- 
der. After the war he attended 
this Academy, practiced law, and 


became an Episcopal clergyman. 
He fell asleep October 21st, 1888. 

Among the pioneer German set- 
tlers was Andrew Heedick. One of 
the first lots in Lincolutou, con- 
veyed in 1788, was to Andrew 
Heedick and Christian Bernhardt, 
Trustees for the "Dutch Lutherans 
and Dutch Presbyterians, for the 
iutent and purpose of building 
thereon a meeting house for public 
worship, school houses, both Dutch 
and Euglish, and a place for the 
burial of the dead." This is the 
"Old White Church" property, 
now owned by the Lutherans. On 
this lot the first school house in 
Lincolnton is said to have been 
built. Andrew Heedick, a great 
grandson of the pioneer, lost his 
right *arm in the fearful battle of 
Chancellorsville. After the war 
he attended this Academy, pre- 
paring himself for school-teaching. 
He filled for many years the office 
of County Treasurer and is one of 
Lincoln county's honored sons. In 
school with him were three other 
soldier boys, William Thompson 
and Macon Luckey, of Company C, 
71st Regiment, and Melville V. 
Bamsour, of Confederate States 

Benjamin H. Sumner, Captain 
and A. C. S., 38th Regiment, was 
commissioned February 15th, 1862. 
Other Confederate soldiers were 

Laban A. Hoyle, Thomas L. Hou- 
ser, Augustus P. James, William 
H. McCoy, Jacob A. Miller, Bob- 
ert M. Boseman, David W. Barn- 
sour, James Shuford, Cowan Alex- 
ander, Peter Snmmey, William A. 
Cline, Frank L. Stewart. 

I think it will be of interest for 
the future to meutiou some of the 
boys by families. It will afford 
some picture of the suffering and 
sacrifices, not only of those at the 
front but the dear ones at home. 
There were the three Phifer broth- 
ers, George L., Captain of Compa- 
ny K, 49th; Ed. X., a Lieutenant 
in the same Company, died of 
wound, and William L., killed in 
the battle of Chicamauga, Tennes- 
see; Jacob A., Caleb (2nd Lieut. 
Company C, 71st) and Joseph Bi- 
saner; Charles, Taylor, and William 
H. Jetton; Mayfield, George, and 
Charlie Motz; David, Harvey, and 
Sergeant Major Charles B. Bam- 
sour, brothers of General Bamsour; 
Lawson and Charlie Henderson; 
Lee and Charlie Johnson; Frank 
Hoke, brother of Cols. John F. aud 
William J. Hoke. Ed. and Alfred 
A. Bamsour; Josephus Houserand 
Monroe Houser of the first volun- 
teers; Josephus was afterwards 
First Lieutenant of Company D, 
First Begiment. 

The Wells family merit honor- 
able mention — seven brothers — all 
in service. Thomas, too old for 


enlistment, was with the Senior 
Reserves. James, Daniel, and 
Oliver went out with the first vol- 
unteers. James was afterwards 
Captain of Company G, 52nd, in 
which Henry was a Lieutenant. 
Wesley was a member of Company 
E, 27th, while Osborne was a sol- 
dier from the Palmetto State. 

Likewise seven of Gen. Daniel 
Seagle's sous attended this Acad- 
emy; George W. Seagle, Captain 
of Company B, 23rd Regiment in 
which Thomas J. was First Lieu- 
tenant; then there was James, 
Monroe, Andrew, Macon and Mar- 
tin, Confederate soldiers. I go 
beyond the record to state their 
two younger brothers, Polk and 
Frank were soldiers but never at- 
tended this Academy. 

James F. Johnson, of East Lin- 
coln attended this Academy in the 
long ago. He entered the service 
with the Beattie's Ford Rifles and 
came out with a Captain's Commis- 
sion. I also mention that his four 
brothers were Confederate soldiers: 
Brigadier-General Robert D. John- 
ston, Captain William H. John- 
ston, Captain Joseph F. Johnston, 
and Bartlett S. Johnston, of the 
Confederate States Nav.y, but they 
were never students of this 

In calling the names of nearly 
one hundred students I have men- 
tioned a Confederate States Sen- 

ator, member of Confederate States 
Congress, two Major Generals, two 
Colonels, one Sergeant- Major, six 
Captains, five First Lieutenants, 
and three Second Lieutenants, the 
others non-commissioned officers 
and privates of faithfulness and 

Daughters of the Confederacy: 
You are not only conservators of 
history, you are making history, 
all the time. Each act of yours 
will interest the generations that 
follow. Confidently believing this 
I entrust to your keeping the 

1. Copy of original grant for 
Town of Lincolntou, 1785. 

2. Charter Pleasant Retreat 
Academy, 1813, and copy of 
Amended Charter, 1819. 

3. Chapter 46, Laws 1816, au- 
thorizing not exceeding four acres 
for the use of the Academy. 

4. Report Commissioners June 
4th, 1817, laying off Academy lot. 

5. Deed to Academy 21st Au- 
gust, 1821. 

6. Chapter 51, Laws, 1908, au- 
thorizing Trustees and Graded 
School Committee to make lease 
to Southern Stars Chapter. 

7. I also hand jou original deed 
of lease of date June 20th, 1908. 

8. The note of $267.30 and in- 
terest, $15.35, you settled for Com- 
mittee, check drawn by your 


Treasurer, and the receipt of Bank 
for same. 

9. The manuscript of the ad- 
dress delivered by General Eobert 
D. Johnston to the survivors of his 
old command in Lincolnton, July 
11th, 1908, in which he commends 
your undertaking in the following 
words: "I had the pleasure yester- 
terday to visit the old Academy 
Hall, which has been dedicated as 
a receptacle of memorials of Con- 
federate veterans. It is a wiser 
and happier way of preserving the 
records and history of the war. I 
cordially commend the example of 
the United Daughters of the Con- 
federacy of Lincoln county to their 
sister Associations. Such a recep 
tacle of the relics of the war will 
be a perpetual object lesson to our 
children of their father's memo- 
ries. It will afford me great pleas- 
ure if I can find something of mine 
worthy of a place in this Memorial 

10. Roster of the Veterans at- 
tending the Re union in Lincolnton 
July 11th, 1908. This is the gift 
of the Wallace Reinhardt Chapter, 
Children of the Confederacy. They 
handed it to me with the request 
that I have each veteran register 
his name. With it I hand you the 

pen used on the occasion. 

And lastly, I place in your 
keeping this address conscious of 
its imperfections and omissions, in 
the hope that it will inspire great- 
er love for our grand old county of 
Lincoln, its citizens, and soldiery. 

The work yet ahead of you is 
great and laudable — I hope your 
greatest expectations will be real- 

In St. Paul's Cathedral, London, 
the body of the architect lies be- 
neath a plain stone slab. Upon a 
tablet are the words: "If you 
would seek a monument look 
around." The great dome swells 
above, the vast walls stretch about. 
In the creation of his genius Chris- 
topher Wren has a fittiug and 
everlasting Memorial. Our minds 
this evening have dwelt upon the 
past. We have remembered some 
of the dead and the living. I hope 
you will so adorn these walls with 
the faces of Lincoln county's 
soldiers, and with the story of 
their services, that should a stran- 
ger come within our gates and 
inquire: "Where is your Confed- 
erate Monument?" you can bring 
him here and answer: "Look 





Gay lord Bros. 


Syracuse, N. Y. 

PAT. JAN 21, 1908 

■ E S° FM -" CHAPEL 



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